The most popular way to achieve self-upgrading mad

2022-08-04
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To achieve self-upgrading, made in China needs to split into service-oriented products.

to achieve self-upgrading, made in China needs to split into service-oriented products.

China Construction Machinery Information

"made in China 2025 proposes to promote the development of service-oriented manufacturing, study and formulate guidelines to promote the development of service-oriented manufacturing, and implement service-oriented manufacturing action plans.

"Accelerating China's transformation from production-oriented manufacturing to service-oriented manufacturing is an inevitable choice to realize the self upgrading and structural adjustment of the manufacturing industry, accelerate the construction of China's manufacturing power, and create an upgraded version of China's economy." On the development of service-oriented manufacturing in China, xiongmeng, executive vice president of China Federation of industrial economics, said in an exclusive interview with China industry news that accelerating the promotion of service-oriented manufacturing is conducive to the steady growth of China's manufacturing industry, the improvement of economic benefits, the promotion to the high end of the industrial chain, the improvement of international competitiveness, and the organic integration of information technology and manufacturing to achieve intelligent manufacturing, Occupy the commanding heights of the world manufacturing industry

conform to the general trend of the world and accelerate the transformation and development.

Xiong Meng said that the development of service-oriented manufacturing conforms to the inevitable trend of world economic development. In advanced manufacturing countries, products stay in the production process for a short time, while they stay in the circulation field for a long time. According to Miao bole, more than 60% of the value-added business of products occurs in the service field

"service-oriented manufacturing is the transformation and development of the processing manufacturing industry, the key to improving the service capacity and market competitiveness of enterprises, and also one of the effective ways to improve the economic benefits of enterprises and realize green development." Xiong Meng said that service-oriented manufacturing has become an inevitable trend of manufacturing development. At present, well-known global manufacturing enterprises have realized the transformation and development of service-oriented manufacturing, and have received good results. The service revenue of some companies has exceeded 60% of the total sales revenue of the company

the development of service-oriented manufacturing is also due to the internal demand of the manufacturing industry in a certain period. Xiong Meng believes that China's manufacturing enterprises are facing increasingly severe competition at home and abroad. The disappearance of the demographic dividend has led to the disappearance of China's comparative advantage in the manufacturing industry. The competition in the manufacturing field is becoming increasingly fierce and the profit space is becoming smaller and smaller. "Enterprises must pay more attention to the high-end links of the value chain, such as customer-oriented R & D, design and service, sales service, and constantly increase the investment in service elements."

it is still in its infancy and faces four constraints

in recent years, China's service-oriented manufacturing has increasingly stepped into the development track. When conducting enterprise research, the China Federation of industry and economics found that some leading enterprises in the industry have actively and effectively explored service-oriented manufacturing and formed a number of successful cases in equipment manufacturing, communication equipment, information technology and other manufacturing fields

Xiong Meng also pointed out that despite the remarkable achievements, China's service-oriented manufacturing is still in the primary stage of development, most of which are product-based extended services, while the overall solution business based on customer needs accounts for a small proportion, and the economic benefits brought by service activities are not obvious. In general, the development of service-oriented manufacturing in China still faces many constraints

manufacturing enterprises have insufficient motivation to carry out service independently. Influenced by the traditional extensive industrial development thinking mode, China's manufacturing enterprises still generally pay more attention to scale than quality, speed than efficiency, mass production rather than personalized customization, and manufacturing rather than service. The motivation to develop service business is still insufficient. In addition, because the service business needs a lot of capital and human support, the short-term investment is large, and the long-term face many uncertain factors, leading to the production enterprises to be more cautious in carrying out the service-oriented manufacturing business

lack of independent R & D capability in some key areas. At present, many key basic materials, core basic parts and components in China are heavily dependent on imports, and the system integration ability of major technical equipment is not strong. For example, 95% of the CNC systems of high-end machine tools are still dependent on imports. Without core key technologies, there is a lack of technical support to provide differentiated and personalized integrated services, and it is difficult to provide industry exclusive products and services, which directly affects the degree and effect of enterprises' transformation to service-oriented manufacturing

the system and mechanism to promote service-oriented manufacturing need to be improved. At present, although the state has issued a series of policies and measures to support the development of the service industry, there are still some policy obstacles in the development of the service industry by passenger car manufacturers with six brands in the manufacturing industry. For example, manufacturing enterprises generally lack service qualification, and there are obstacles in expanding service business; Enterprises engaged in design, R & D and other productive services cannot apply for recognition as high-tech enterprises and cannot enjoy preferential income tax policies; The lack of a unified statistical caliber and standard for service-oriented manufacturing also restricts the development of service-oriented manufacturing to a certain extent

lack of high-end compound talents. For a long time, the manufacturing industry has taken the product as the core mode, the talent training mode is relatively simple, the talent reserve is mostly carried out around the product itself, the innovative talent training system and mechanism suitable for service-oriented manufacturing is not perfect, there is a lack of compound high-end talent growth environment, and talent guarantee and intellectual support need to be strengthened

call for technical support to achieve green development

looking at the world, service-oriented manufacturing is the key to improve enterprise service capability and market competitiveness, and it is also one of the effective ways to improve enterprise economic benefits and achieve green development. For China, the development of service-oriented manufacturing is an important way for industrial transformation and upgrading, improving quality and efficiency, strengthening services and improving international market competitiveness

in Xiong Meng's view, service-oriented manufacturing needs the support of technology, management, information and other technologies, which are quickly converted from a/d to digital signals and sent to the computer for data processing. This is mainly reflected in the following four aspects:

first, advanced manufacturing technology. The essence of service-oriented manufacturing transformation is to establish a production organization mode oriented to customer needs, which requires enterprises to change from the traditional manufacturing mode focusing on product supply to the manufacturing mode focusing on service. Build a manufacturing system that supports decentralized customer resources, manufacturing resources and service resources to participate in product service and production design, so that enterprises can not only provide customers with personalized products with high added value, but also achieve high-efficiency mass production. This requires improving the ability to quickly respond to market changes to achieve the synergy of manufacturing and services, improve the enterprise's information technology capability, improve the overall level of integrated manufacturing system and workflow control system, and realize intelligent manufacturing

second, modern production management technology. Modern production management technology is the basis of service-oriented manufacturing transformation. In order to meet the personalized needs of customers and improve the reliability, manufacturability, maintainability and overall cost of products, it is necessary to establish a production operation system based on just in time manufacturing and lean production. At the same time, the integration of products and services and the differentiation of customers' subjective feelings about the product service system make the quality assurance of the production process, the identification and feedback of market signals, the efficiency and responsiveness of production organization more complex, which requires enterprises to improve the technical level of modern production management based on management means such as quality assurance, flexible production and virtual enterprise, Control the production and service process of the product service system from the manufacturing link to improve customer satisfaction

the third is knowledge management technology. The interaction between products and services and the heterogeneity of customers lead to the problems of expression, exchange and learning from customer knowledge to product and service technology development knowledge under the service-oriented manufacturing mode. Based on the division and cooperation of process flow and business process, it is necessary to realize the seamless integration of different modules and establish a common manufacturing and service interface specification. Therefore, in the process of service-oriented transformation, enterprises must build a knowledge management system based on product design knowledge, manufacturing process knowledge and customer demand knowledge. Through the identification and transformation of tacit knowledge in different processes and the expression of explicit knowledge, as well as the open knowledge interface between them, they can realize the cooperation of different business processes and process flows

the fourth is the deep integration of the two. In order to realize the interaction between enterprises and customers, integration of products and services, whole process service, mass customization, flexible manufacturing and network collaboration in service-oriented manufacturing, it is necessary to have a higher level of information support. It is necessary to reorganize and optimize the original enterprise processes, establish manufacturing service standards, and effectively integrate the information resources and information systems within and among enterprises on this basis, Then a collaborative manufacturing service platform is established, including subsystems such as product sales and service, procurement and collaborative manufacturing, integrated information management, production operation and control, product design and management, enterprise information portal, etc

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