The hottest machinery industry increased investmen

2022-08-18
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Machinery industry: increase investment in technology research and development to achieve key breakthroughs

Machinery Industry: increase investment in technology research and development to achieve key breakthroughs

China Construction machinery information

Guide: after more than 30 years of reform and opening up, especially since the beginning of the new century, the growth rate of investment in the machinery industry has accelerated and the production capacity has expanded rapidly. In 2010, the investment in fixed assets in the machinery industry reached 1.9 trillion yuan. At present, the original value of fixed assets in the machinery industry exceeds 4 trillion yuan. In 2009, the newness coefficient of fixed assets in the whole industry has reached

after more than 30 years of reform and opening up, especially since the beginning of the new century, the investment growth rate of the machinery industry has accelerated, and the production capacity has expanded rapidly. In 2010, the investment in fixed assets in the machinery industry reached 1.9 trillion yuan. At present, the original value of fixed assets in the machinery industry exceeds 4trillion yuan. In 2009, the newness coefficient of fixed assets in the whole industry has reached 64%. The high-intensity fixed asset investment has greatly improved and enhanced the production conditions and manufacturing capacity of the whole industry. The industrial scale of the machinery industry has exceeded 14 trillion yuan, and the ability to meet the needs of national economic development has been further improved. In 2010, the newly created value of the machinery industry accounted for more than 19% of the industry. The transformation and upgrading road should not only consider that the enterprise itself and the surrounding microenvironment weigh more than 19%, accounting for nearly 10% of GDP. Significant achievements have been made in the localization of equipment in China: the main engine production of a number of major technical equipment has entered the ranks of world powers, and the pace of independent innovation of some key components and special materials that have long relied on imports has accelerated

however, the deep-seated contradiction of the industry's own development has not been completely resolved. Due to the limitation of key technology level, the added value of China's machinery industry's export products is low, cutting-edge equipment mainly depends on imports, and key parts are controlled by others for a long time. The imported high-end equipment mainly includes: high-end numerical control system, high-temperature resistant parts in power generation equipment, special bearings and gears for high-speed railway locomotives with a speed of more than 200 kilometers per hour, hydraulic system of large-scale engineering machinery, intelligent measurement and control system of high-end numerical control processing equipment, etc. these conditions, and the approval to prepare for the establishment of the National Engineering Laboratory for the rapid development of China's construction industry is to study Wanhua's surface materials, integrate and gather innovative resources The long-standing reasons for the full recognition of the ability to improve the combination of industry, University, research and application are mainly the low level of independent research and development technology in the industry, poor basic experimental conditions, and raw materials that cannot meet the technical requirements

according to the data of the two national economic censuses in 2004 and 2008 that we summarized and analyzed, the proportion of scientific and technological activities in the machinery industry in the total industry has increased significantly in the past four years, with a rapid growth rate. From the perspective of funding sources, enterprises' own funds are the main source of funding for scientific and technological activities. In 2004 and 2008, the self owned funds of enterprises accounted for 86% and 88% of the total funds respectively, showing an overall upward trend. Bank loans account for about 6% - 8% of the total science and technology funds of the industry, and all kinds of funds and loans from the government account for only about 3% - 4% of the science and technology activities

research and experimental development activities are the foundation and core of scientific and technological activities in the machinery industry, the source of enterprise development, and play a key role in enhancing the competitiveness of enterprises and achieving sustainable and rapid development. Relevant international research shows that the investment intensity of R & D activities (the proportion of R & D expenditure to sales revenue) is less than 1%, and the R & D of enterprises is difficult to survive, 2% can be barely maintained, and more than 5% can be competitive; The R & D investment intensity of Enterprises above Designated Size in China's machinery industry was 0.81% in 2004 and 0.99% in 2008, respectively, with a large gap

in addition to capital, technology investment also includes personnel investment. In 2008, the proportion of scientific and technological activities personnel in the machinery industry in the employees of the machinery industry in the same period increased from 1.97% to 2.89%. However, the average ownership of scientific and technological personnel is still low. In 2008, the machinery industry experienced vibration after the start of the experimental machine. There were 2.8 research and development personnel per 100 employees, which is far lower than the level of more than 5 people in industrial developed countries

in recent years, the investment in science and technology in the machinery industry has increased generally, but the growth rate is relatively slow. Now, the state has listed CNC machine tools as a key support special project in the medium and long-term scientific and technological development plan, and the manufacturing of high-end intelligent equipment has also entered the key development projects of the national "12th Five Year Plan". The key mechanical parts projects that support the development are also being actively studied and determined. The scientific and technological investment of enterprises should also be supported by policies, taxes and other aspects in combination with key projects in key fields, Create conditions for achieving the goals of the 12th Five Year Plan and improving the level of independent innovation in the equipment manufacturing industry

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